All You Need To Know About Bipolar Disorder
Despite popular belief, Bipolar Disorder is a common condition that effects approximately 5.7 million people over the age of 18 in the United States, or 2.6% of the population, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). This condition is evidenced by severe changes in mood, activity, energy, and the ability to complete everyday tasks.
People with this condition can experience high levels of anxiety in a manic episode or high levels of depression in a depressive episode. In some cases, people with Bipolar Disorder, formerly referred to as Manic Depressive Disorder, can experience both manic and depressive symptoms at the same time which is called a mixed episode. It is a common belief that a person having a manic episode is happy. This is unfortunately not the case. People experiencing a manic episode are typically easily agitated, frightened, and tend to use very poor judgement. However, someone with Bipolar Disorder will typically experience more depressive episodes than manic episodes.
Bipolar Disorder is categorized into four different types, Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, Cyclothymic Disorder, and Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders. Each category is defined by a certain set of criteria from the DSM-5.
People diagnosed with Bipolar I Disorder experience a manic episode that lasts at least seven days or that is so severe that is requires immediate hospitalization. Typically, a person who is diagnosed with Bipolar I disorder also experiences a period of depression that lasts up to two weeks. People diagnosed with Bipolar II Disorder experience a pattern of manic and depressive episodes, but the manic episodes do not last seven days or require immediate hospitalization. A person diagnosed with Cyclothymic Disorder experiences a number of manic and depressive episodes for at least two years, but the episodes are not as severe as people diagnosed with Bipolar I or Bipolar II disorder. Finally, a person diagnosed with Other Specified or Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders experiences manic and depressive episodes that do not meet the criteria for a full diagnosis of Bipolar I, Bipolar II, or Cyclothymic Disorder.
Once a person has been diagnosed with any type of Bipolar Disorder, there are a number of treatment options that they can try. Physicians may prescribe medications, psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy. The medications provided for Bipolar Disorder are typically mood stabilizers, atypical antipsychotic medications, or antidepressants to balance out the manic and depressive episodes.
In addition, the physician may recommend cognitive behavioral therapy, family focused therapy, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, or psychoeducation. Furthermore, the physician may recommend electroconvulsive therapy, formerly referred to as electroshock therapy, were small electrical currents are passed through the brain to generate a seizure which is supposed to reverse the effects of mental illness.
Luckily, these treatment options are no longer the only ones available. Companies like Resilico have a self-help depression online course available for those diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder called the bipolar depression disorder course. This treatment is online based and available 24 hours a day. It is anonymous and completed at your own pace. Furthermore, there are never any wait lists or lines when you want to access treatment. The bipolar depression disorder course can also be used in addition to other therapies and medications.